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What Happened Today | 21 October | Interesting facts | G.K.

21 October, 1959: Guggenheim Museum Opens in New York City's Fifth Avenue.

On this day in 1959, thousand of people lined outside an odd looking building which resembles a shape of an upside-down cupcake, the line up by the people was because of opening of the new Guggenheim Museum, located on New York's impressive museum mile at the edge of Central Park. The museum is home to one of the world's best collection of contemporary art. 

In 1930's,  when mining tycoon Solomon R. Guggenheim retired, he started collecting art. he displayed his purchases for the first time in 1939 with the help of a German baroness, Hilla Rebay, he displayed the arts in a former car showroom in New York. Within a period of few years his collections which included art works by Marc Chagall, Vasily Kandinsky and Paul Klee started to reach more and more people. In 1943, Rebay asked architect Frank Lloyd Wright and asked him to design the museum, she does not only wanted a museum but also a "temple of spirit," where people could learn to see art in a new way.

For over the period of 16 years, Wright worked to bring his extraordinary vision to reality, for the fans of Wright the museum was a art itself. The museum architecture included a long ramp spiraled upwards for a total of a quarter-mile around a large central rotunda and was topped by a glass ceiling which is shaped as a dome, the structure is build in an area of 50,000-meter and resembles a giant seashell. The design of the building faced many criticism too, some felt that the oddly shaped building is less about art and more about Frank Lloyd Wright.

The museum features approximately 900,000-plus visitors every year and has become the city's most attracted spot.

21 October, 1941: German soldiers went on rampage, thousand of Yugoslavians killed.

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The German soldiers went on rampage despite of signed friendship treaty, the rampage killed thousands of Yugoslavian civilians, including whole classes of schoolboys. 

During World War II, despite attempts to maintain neutrality. In the late 1940's Yugoslavia failed to resist pressure and finally signed the "friendship treaty" with Germany and joined the Tripartite "Axis" Pact in march 1941. The majority of Yugoslavian civilians protested this alliance, and soon after those  persons appointed to administer were holding a fragile confederacy of ethic groups and regions together since the time of the creation of Yugoslavia in the wake of the first World War fell to a coup, and the Serb army appointed Prince Peter into power, the newly placed prince rejected the alliance with Germany after which Yugoslavia faced German retaliation with the Luftwaffe bombing of Belgrade, which resulted in death of 17,000 people. With collapsing Yugoslavian resistance, King Peter removed to London where he set a government in exile.

Hitler began to carve up Yugoslavia into puppet state after the King Peter removed to London, He primarily created division along the ethic lines hoping that he will gain the loyalty of some-such as the Croats by promising them a post-war independent state, many Croats fight from the side of Germany in its battle against the Soviet Union. Due to regular massacre of Serb resisters, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria separated itself from Yugoslavia. On October 21, 2300 men and boys were murdered in Kragujevac, 7,000 more are killed in Kraljevo by German troops and regions of Macva saw 6000 killing of men, women, and children.


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