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What happened today | 22 October | Interesting Facts | G.K.

 22 October, 1962: U.S. spy planes discovered Soviet missile base in Cuba.



The then President of the United States of America, John F. Kennedy, announced in a televised speech that U.S. spy planes have discovered Soviet missile base in Cuba. The missile sites which were almost ready housed medium-range missiles capable of striking many major cities in the United States, including Washington D.C., Kennedy announced that he will order a naval quarantine of Cuba which will prevent Soviet ships from transporting more weapons to the island, he also explained that the existence of the missile sites at the current sites are intolerable by the United States. The President called the military action a "clandestine, reckless and provocative threat to world peace." The incident is named as Cuban Missile Crisis.

The Crisis actually began on 14 October, 1962, the day that U.S. personnel analysing U-2 spy plane data that discovered  Soviet's medium range missile site construction in Cuba, An emergency meeting of senior military, political, and diplomatic advisers was called by President Kennedy to discuss the unpleasant development. The group was named ExCom a short form used for Executive Committee. At first a surgical strike at the missile site was proposed, but was rejected later the ExCom decided to agree on a naval quarantine. During the next six days the crisis came to breaking point as the world moved in an unsteady way on the brink of nuclear war between the two superpowers.




22 October, 1797: First parachute jump is made over Paris.



The first parachute jump which is worth paying attention is made by André-Jacques Garnerin from a hydrogen balloon, he jumped from the height of 3,200 feet above Paris.

The idea of parachute is conceived by Leonardo da Vinci in his writings, and a kind of parachute which consisted two umbrellas was used by Louis-Sebastien Lenormand, he fashioned it while jumping from a tree in 1783.

While being a prisoner, Garnerin first got the idea of the possibility of using air resistance to slow an individual's fall from a high altitude during the French Revolution, though he never tried to escape from the Hungarian prison and spent three years there. The first parachute was completed by him in 1797, which was a canopy which had diameter of 23 feet and was attached to a basket with suspension lines. As he did not include an air vent at the top of the prototype, he oscillated wildly and landed at a distance of a mile from the take-off site. Garnerin's wife became the first women to use a parachute.

Although Garnerin made many spectacular jumps, he died in a balloon accident while preparing to test a new parachute in 1823. 


 

 

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